Laminaceae for Herbalists

Laminaceae – Mint
The square stem and opposite leaves are dependable markers for this family although there are a few exceptions. Thymus is a genus that lacks a square stem. Verbena and Nettles are non-mints with square stems. As these exceptions are rare and easy enough to remember, these guidelines remain helpful.Motherwort, Leonurus cardiaca

Many mints are famously aromatic and high in essential oils. Mint essential oils generally have a relaxing, anti-spasmodic effect.

In general, plants in the mint family have at least one of the following actions:
~Carminative – improves digestion through a relaxing effect on the GI tract
~Diaphoretic – promotes perspiration which can lower a fever
~Diffusives – help the flow of energy throughout the body, breaking up congestion and increasing circulation
The non-aromatic spp. include bitter nervines such as Motherwort and Skullcap

Aromatic:
-Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
-Mints – Peppermint, Spearmint. A Southwest native mint is Mentha arvensis, also known as Poleo.
-Oregano
-Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
-Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
-Sage (Salvia officinalis)
-Monarda
-Marjoram
-Savory
-Holy Basil – Tulsi
-Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
-Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

“Arizona Herbal medicine” “Sedona herbal medicine” “Phoenix herbal medicine” “Colorado herbal medicine” “Las Vegas herbal medicine” “Prescott herbal medicine” “Flagstaff herbal medicine” “Oak Creek Canyon” “New Mexico herbal medicine” “Flagstaff essential oil” “Flagstaff essential oils” “Flagstaff aromatherapy” “Prescott essential oil” “Prescott essential oils” “Prescott aromatherapy” “Sedona essential oil” “Sedona essential oils” “Sedona aromatherapy” “Phoenix essential oil” “Phoenix essential oils” “Phoenix aromatherapy” “Las Vegas essential oil” “Las Vegas essential oils” “Las Vegas aromatherapy”

Bee Balm (Monarda spp.) is a pungent and highly aromatic wildflower in the Ponderosa forest

These are non-aromatic or only slightly so:
-Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
-Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
-Skullcap (Scutellaria spp.)
-Motherwort (Leonorus cardiaca)
-Self-Heal (Prunella vulgaris)

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