Pinaceae for Herbalists

The Pinaceae family, commonly known as the Pine family, includes the Spruce (Picea) and Fir (Abies) genera in addition to the Pine (Pinus). Cedar is also in this family although the common cedar in the southwest is actually juniper, a member of the Cypress family. There are no true cedars native to the area.

Therapeutically, the volatile oils from these trees are found in the needles and resin. The essential oil is high in monoterpenes, specifically the pinenes and limonenes. Their warming, light energy is especially beneficial to the respiratory system. A wide variety of herbal pharmacy is made from the needles and resinous parts of the tree.

The best resin and edible nuts come from Pinon (Pinus edulis).
My preferred needles for medicine making are found on new growth branch tips of the Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). The citrusy aroma and taste on these tips is evidence of the limonene content.  Many other species in this family can be used in similar ways.

“Arizona Herbal medicine” “Sedona herbal medicine” “Phoenix herbal medicine” “Colorado herbal medicine” “Las Vegas herbal medicine” “Prescott herbal medicine” “Flagstaff herbal medicine” “Oak Creek Canyon” “New Mexico herbal medicine” “Flagstaff essential oil” “Flagstaff essential oils” “Flagstaff aromatherapy” “Prescott essential oil” “Prescott essential oils” “Prescott aromatherapy” “Sedona essential oil” “Sedona essential oils” “Sedona aromatherapy” “Phoenix essential oil” “Phoenix essential oils” “Phoenix aromatherapy” “Las Vegas essential oil” “Las Vegas essential oils” “Las Vegas aromatherapy” “pine resin” “pine resin salve” “pine sap salve” “pine pitch salve” “pine salve” “pine tar salve” pinon pinyon “pinon salve” “pinon resin” “pinon juniper zone” drawing “pine drawing salve”

The Flagstaff region is known for its extensive ponderosa pine forests. Here is an elder at 9.000′. While pinon is my preferred source for resin collecting, the ponderosa can also be used.

The species encountered locally in this family include:
Pinon – (Pinus edulis)
Bristlecone pine (P. aristata)
Limber pine (P. flexibilis)
Ponderosa – (P. ponderosa)
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii)

 

 

“pine resin” “pine resin salve” “pine sap salve” “pine pitch salve” “pine salve” “pine tar salve” pinon pinyon “pinon salve” “pinon resin” “pinon juniper zone” drawing “pine drawing salve”

Lunch time view from 11,000′ during the Rocky Mountain field study program

 

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