Demulcent (internal) or Emollient (external)
Moistens tissues, soothes inflammation
Energy is moistening and usually cooling
Works systemically, does not need to come in contact with a particular surface, such as the lungs or bladder
Many contain mucilage, has a slimy, viscous feel
Will loosen and relax tissues that are tense due to dryness
Dryness and irritation of the respiratory, digestive & urinary systems
Excess dryness or heat caused by dryness
Dry irritated sore throat
Irritation from bladder infection
Topical burns, especially sunburn
Soothing to topical inflammation
Energetics of Demulcents: All are Moistening
Mallow – Malvaceae family – Althea sp.
Slippery elm – Ulmus spp
Violet leaf – Viola spp.
Licorice – Glycrrizha glabra: a non-mucilaginous demulcent that can be used in tincture form
Comfrey – Symphytum spp. – internal use is controversial
Plantain – Plantago spp.
Evening Primrose leaf – Oenothera spp.
American Ginseng – Panax quinquefolium
Warm (Warming demulcents are unusual and good to remember)
Cinnamon – Cinnamon cassia
Fenugreek – Trigonella foenum-graecum